Barriers to renewable energy transition for Pakistan’s textile industry

By Shahid Sattar and Noreen Akhtar

The electrical power sector is the greatest GHG producer in Pakistan. It is believed that the vitality desire in the country will get to 108 – 126 million tons of oil equivalent (TOE) by 2030. With the developing unsustainable administration of electricity desire, Pakistan’s constant reliance on imported fossil fuels and out-of-date coal technological know-how has affected the country’s power protection and its compliance with the international prerequisites on electrical power effectiveness and decarbonization. On the other hand, the government’s the latest tilt toward improving the country’s capability for renewable vitality (RE) consumption presents a big legislative and coverage advancement.

The updated National Climate Alter Policy, 2021 puts a main emphasis on accomplishing climate change mitigation ambitions via vitality performance and lowering carbon emissions. It aims to seek out technological breakthroughs to harness the country’s prospective for renewable energy and declares that 60{5e37bb13eee9fcae577c356a6edbd948fa817adb745f8ff03ff00bd2962a045d} of all vitality developed in the nation by 2030 will be clean up through renewable resources and Pakistan will no longer pursue imported coal electrical power vegetation. Additional, Pakistan’s updated Nationally Decided Contributions (NDCs), 2021 guidance government’s strength-connected plan interventions and have determined integration of renewable power resources in all important sectors a substantial-priority place. The up to date Renewable Electrical power Plan 2019 focuses extra on green strength and aims to cut down GHG emissions working with Kyoto Protocol.

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Knowledge the make any difference much better

Pakistan has great potential to satisfy its escalating electricity need from renewables such as solar, wind, hydro, geothermal and biomass, as these sources are significantly readily available in the state. Photo voltaic, for instance, is the most interesting alternate electricity resolution which has gained considerable focus lately. Pakistan’s southwest location receives the optimum irradiation. “The yearly international horizontal irradiance in the Himalayas and Karakorum is 2300 kWh/m2, which is the best of any other location on Earth”. Wind strength resources have the potential to crank out 43,000 MW of electric power.

In addition, the Worldwide Renewable Electricity Company (IRENA) estimates that Pakistan’s hydropower sector has a probable of 60GW and it continues to be the most inexpensive source of ability in the nation. Biomass is approximated to produce 50,000 Gwh/ 12 months in the place. Eventually, geothermal strength means are existing in all the provinces, which can be utilized for electricity generation, heating and cooling of buildings and provide of sizzling h2o.

If Pakistan delivers into perform this untapped potential in all the big sectors by implementing exemplary plan reforms in spirit and growing RE, a substantial decoupling of growth from regular vitality means such as fossil fuels can insert to the existing endeavours on climate resilience. RE growth will make electricity more cost-effective, and improve electricity safety and Pakistan can preserve up to $5 billion about the upcoming 20 a long time, as per Planet Bank’s report.

Pakistan’s textile sector is a person main sector that can gain massively from the readily available RE assets in the nation though providing eco-friendly ability.

RE and Textile sector

The textile industry’s producing processes are electrical power intensive. 10{5e37bb13eee9fcae577c356a6edbd948fa817adb745f8ff03ff00bd2962a045d} of international GHG emissions are accounted for by garments and footwear creation. Raw product manufacturing, harvesting, dyeing, and dumping of made use of textiles, are all significant actions associated in textile manufacturing and their discarding emit GHGs into the ambiance. For Pakistan’s textile business, transitioning to RE alternatives is not only expense and source successful but also enhances the sector’s overall compliance with the global requirements on power effectiveness and industrial decarbonization, such as people imposed by the European Eco-friendly Offer. The government’s assistance, the increasing renewable electricity current market and technological progression are among the the currently present prospects for the market to develop its organization via renewables.

The federal government of Pakistan has supported RE enhancement and encourages personal sector involvement in projects relevant to carbon emissions reduction. The textile market can turn into a leader in this if it prudently strategies the proper economic allocations to established up impartial sustainable electrification. Also, RE technologies are turning into relatively affordable options for powering the business that can improve the price tag-usefulness of the production processes.

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The industry’s recent progress on offsetting emissions implies that it has shown a promising commitment to obtaining net zero by adopting a green provide chain philosophy. The Net Zero Pakistan initiative, for instance, is Pakistan’s biggest internet zero coalition and is the only 2nd region-huge method, beneath International Race to Zero, immediately after Japan. It is a collaborative effort amongst non-authorities corporations, leading textile corporations, public establishments and sector professionals.

The textile corporations, in this coalition, commit to set science-centered net zero targets, evaluate and disclose their GHG emissions, decarbonize their benefit chains and advocate for local climate action. Maintaining in view the extrinsic force and interior wants for power efficiency, the initiative need to aid carbonization by expanding the renewable power combine and incorporating electrical power-preserving technologies.

Big textile corporations are supporting climate motion through clean up energy initiatives including solarisation projects and engineering set up these as waste warmth recovery boilers and converting boilers to biomass-based mostly fuels. Worldwide certifications in strength conservation these types of as LEED are acquired and water stewardship by way of sustainable bleaching approaches, zero wastewater discharge and recycling is accomplished. A overall performance comparison of a person of the companies ‘Sarena Textile Industries’ is supplied in figure 1.

The investigation of the present state of affairs of industrial vitality performance reveals that the share of alternate vitality sources this sort of as renewable electrical energy and biomass in the field is minimal. Engineering such as motors and boilers are inefficient and impressive suggestions to conserve strength are exercised inadequately. As a result, the significant decarbonization and strength conservation pathway for the market is to transition to renewable strength technologies which includes photo voltaic PV, concentrated solar thermal collectors and wind turbines. Round economy alternatives which include recovery, recycling and re-use should be compounded by rethinking course of action advancement solutions and impressive technologies by using the right money allocations and investigate breakthroughs.


The sector can get Renewable Electricity Certificate (REC) upon adoption of the RE engineering. RECs are issued when one particular megawatt-hour (MWh) of electrical power is produced and shipped to the electrical power grid from a renewable electricity useful resource. Pakistan has been approved for Global-REC (I-REC) for energy issuance. The I-REC for electricity issuers in Pakistan is the Pakistan Environment Have faith in (PET). RECs are tradable units and can be bought via exchanges or bilateral trades and can be a sizeable source of added earnings generation.

Legislative worries and the way ahead

The market is currently dealing with a amount of obstacles obstructing its changeover to RE means, that desire an instant reaction from the governing administration.

The restrict of the existing internet-metering scheme for photo voltaic ability units of the business is 1MW, which needs to be extended to 5MW –“especially when the demand of the huge-scale producing sector is among 1.5 to 5MW. This increase has the possible to insert 5000MW of solar vitality at no upfront financial commitment from the GoP to the energy mix of the place. Also, this will enable the EOUs to turn into competitive in the global market place (with decrease strength charges) and improve the share of renewables in the whole vitality mix as dedicated in the current NDCs 2021.”

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Even more, the government has planned to launch solarisation tasks of all over 14000MW which will not only “reduce the import invoice of high-priced gasoline but also help produce minimal-value and setting-friendly electric power.” These photo voltaic devices will be delivered at reduced rates and will be offered tax incentives. Nonetheless, in purchase to assistance the sector to enrich its energy performance in a sustainable and impartial manner, it must be permitted to set up its individual photo voltaic electricity buildings with the extension of a internet-metering scheme for solar from 1MW to 5MW.

The wheeling circumstance indicates that Pakistan demands to go towards free marketplace types with numerous buyers and sellers to revive the power sector but also, to make it transparent. The wheeling rules must integrate wheeling of renewable power and the associated wheeling charge should be decreased for any industrial off-internet site installation of renewable electric power infrastructure.

These legislative burdens coupled with the withdrawal of regionally competitive power tariffs are pushing the market into a zone of money dismay where by it is operating at much less capability utilization thanks to performing funds problems, dropping competitiveness in the international sector and uncooked material difficulties. This will lead to prolonged-lasting damage to the industry’s existing compliance and sustainability efforts and adoption of RE engineering, as the present target has shifted towards an additional working day of survival by mitigating the impacts of the withdrawal of electrical power tariffs.

In conclusion, the Government of Pakistan need to address the current limitations of the net-metering scheme for solar, and wheeling prices and carry on furnishing regionally aggressive power tariffs for the field to regain sustainability progress and changeover to RE. This will guidance the business in utilizing the country’s current RE likely to the greatest, decrease reliance on fossil fuels and enrich competitiveness in the world-wide export market place. Otherwise, the government’s latest NCCP and NDCs that set severe target on RE will be limited to paper with out implementation in spirit.


Mr. Shahid Sattar, now Government Director & Secretary Standard of All Pakistan Textile Mills Association (APTMA), has earlier served as a Member Organizing Commission of Pakistan and an advisor to the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Petroleum, and Ministry of H2o & Electric power.

Noreen Akhtar is a investigation analyst at APTMA. 

The sights expressed by the writers do not essentially depict World Village Space’s editorial policy.

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